Health and typical diseases of Bengal cats
Not all owners face the typical diseases of Bengal cats. Many pets live a long and happy life and visit the vet only for vaccinations. Nevertheless, it is better to know what problems may arise to prevent them or recognize them in time.
General health of Bengal cats
There is a widespread myth that thoroughbred cats have very weak immunity, often get sick and die from problems that are easily tolerated by street animals. It is impossible to say unambiguously: this is so or not. On the one hand, proper breed work implies breeding only strong, hardy and healthy animals. So many inherited diseases and genetic anomalies can be avoided. On the other hand, breeding breeds like Bengal cats often use close-kneed breeding because of the small population and the difficulties in introducing new genes. This adversely affects the health status, especially if the breeding is done by an irresponsible or illiterate person.
The health of Bengals, if they are animals from proven and reliable nurseries, is quite strong. Breeders managed to exclude many genetic anomalies. In their blood there are genes of strong and enduring wild Bengal cats. But nevertheless, they are characterized by a number of problems and diseases.
Therefore, before buying a Bengal kitten, it is important to collect all possible information about his parents and breeders. A small saving can now turn into a long and expensive treatment.
The main diseases of Bengal cats
As a rule, Bengals have good health, but there are diseases that occur in representatives of this breed more often than usual:
Food poisoning, indigestion, bowel disease. Bengal has a very sensitive stomach, which reacts badly to the change of feed and poor nutrition. Most often they suffer from inflammatory bowel diseases.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This pathology of the structure of the heart, when one of the walls is thicker than the others. Violation of cardiac activity can lead to a variety of health problems, including sudden death. The danger of this disease lies in the absence of early symptomatology. It often does not manifest itself, therefore for Bengal cats it is important to have regular heart examination: ultrasound and ECG.
Flat chest syndrome. This disease of Bengals is peculiar only to kittens. Because of a breach of the structure of the chest, the ribs squeeze the chest cavity and interfere with normal breathing. As a rule, kittens with a severe stage of this syndrome die within the first days or weeks of life. If this did not happen, then the animal develops as expected.
Poor functioning of the immune system. This health problem is peculiar to the lines in which matings between close relatives were repeatedly allowed. For such animals, regular vaccination and deworming are especially important.
Of course, like other cats, Bengals tend to have urolithiasis, especially in regions with increased rigidity. Non-sterilized animals may experience hormonal disorders. For elderly cats, a frequent problem is cancer. Cats that eat natural soft food, and not dry food, suffer from an increase in tartar.
Prevention of diseases of Bengal cats
Prevention is always easier and cheaper than treatment, so all owners of Bengal cats are required to comply with these rules:
Only fresh and quality food, whether natural food or industrial feed. Food experiments and feed changes are not recommended.
Purified water. In a bowl, there should always be enough clean and fresh water. You need to change it several times a day.
Fight against parasites. Even if the cat does not leave the house, you walk along the street and can bring parasites. Therefore every quarter it is necessary to conduct deworming and, if necessary, treatment from external parasites – fleas.
Vaccinations. It is important to do both a general inoculation against rabies, and complex specific ones – from the most common feline infections.
Inspection. Visiting a veterinarian and a general examination is important to repeat every year. It is convenient to combine it with the vaccine.
Sterilization. All the breeders unanimously affirm: the animal or participates in breeding work, or is sterilized. Another option, like “To give birth once,” “Kotik does not know what to sterilize,” “Give tablets so that they do not scream” are simply dangerous to health. In nurseries, animals that have completed their breeding career are also sterilized.
Change of state. If the cat has behaved differently, the appetite worsened, the condition of the coat, the appearance, then the best once again show it to the doctor.
Despite the fact that in Bengal cats diseases are rare, it is better to always be on your guard: the faster the help comes, the easier it will be to treat.